UEWScholar Repository

Income inequality, human capital, natural resource abundance, and ecological footprint in ECOWAS member countries

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Langnel Z.
dc.contributor.author Amegavi G.B.
dc.contributor.author Donkor P.
dc.contributor.author Mensah J.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-10-31T15:05:08Z
dc.date.available 2022-10-31T15:05:08Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.issn 3014207
dc.identifier.other 10.1016/j.resourpol.2021.102255
dc.description Langnel, Z., Department of Political Science Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana; Amegavi, G.B., Department of Geography, Environment & Population, The University of Adelaide, Australia; Donkor, P., Kumasi Technical College, Ghana; Mensah, J.K., University of Ghana Business School, Ghana en_US
dc.description.abstract The growing human demand for economic and social development is resulting in a state of ecological overshoot. This paper investigates the heterogeneous effect of income inequality, human capital, and natural resources on the ecological footprint for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) member countries. Having accounted for cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity, the findings from the Augmented mean group (AMG) estimation reveal that income inequality improves the quality of the environment in Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Senegal, but deteriorates the environment in Benin. Moreover, human capital accumulation is important for environmental sustainability by exerting a reducing effect on the level of the ecological footprint for Burkina Faso and The Gambia. We further observe that natural resource abundance is not environmentally friendly for Cameroon and Nigeria. Evidence from the Dumitrescu and Hurlin (D-H) panel causality test shows that LGINI, LHC, and LNR stimulate the ecological footprint. Some policy recommendations are offered based on these findings. � 2021 Elsevier Ltd en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd en_US
dc.subject AMG en_US
dc.subject Environment en_US
dc.subject Human capital en_US
dc.subject Inequality en_US
dc.subject Natural resources en_US
dc.title Income inequality, human capital, natural resource abundance, and ecological footprint in ECOWAS member countries en_US
dc.type Article en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UEWScholar


My Account